Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction
Pregnancy and childbirth is a complicated process that involves a perfect interplay of pelvic bones, joints, ligaments in order to ensure safe passage for delivery of the baby. Pelvic bones are formed by two bones and the meeting point of two pelvic bones is called symphysis. The head of the baby is bigger than the size of birth canal that is formed by the union of cervix and vagina, so in order to ensure safety of pelvic union, pubic symphysis is strengthen by fibrous cords of ligaments.
How to diagnose symphysis pubis dysfunction?
The gap between two pelvic bones is about 4 to 5 mm in a non-pregnant female; however this gap may increase to another few mms during pregnancy due to hormonal effect. However a diagnosis of symphysis pubis dysfunction is made if this gap is above 10 mm. Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction also abbreviated as SPD is a condition, which is most commonly associated with pregnancy and childbirth. The most established risk factor for this condition is the excessive movement of the pubic symphysis of the pelvic girdle. This movement is conferred either in lateral or anterior position. The main reason attributed to these excessive movements is probably the abnormality or misalignment of the pelvic portion. Basically it is a kind of dysfunction in which there is a pain in pelvic girdle. The occurrence of this problem is so common that it is observed to occur in every fourth pregnant woman. Out of these 7% are those who suffer from the serious postpartum disease symptoms.
Symptoms of Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction
Among the most notable symptoms of Symphysis Pubic Dysfunction, pain and discomfort in the pelvic region is observed. This pain is centered in the front joint of pelvic region. In some cases the sufferers of pain also hear the popping and tickling of the lower back joints and hip joints. In addition to this frequent pain is also observed in the groin area, abdomen, legs and lower back area. The pain can be very severe or it can be mild enough to be borne by the patient. The severity of this pain can be ranging from mild discomfort to extreme pain and suffering. This situation is linked with the depression among females. Patients suffering from this pain have extreme difficulty in walking and climbing stairs.
It is crucial to diagnose the disease in early stages in order to minimize the severity of condition. It is important to diagnose the disease in early stages because if it goes unchecked it can become very painful in later stages. However the major problem is that all the healthcare practitioners and officials are not aware of the diagnosis of this disease. Usually the diagnosis is done by knowing the symptoms because it occurs during pregnancy. Moreover further confirmation is done from X ray test, ultrasounds, MRI test or manual examination.